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Legal Studies/Paralegal

An asterisk (*) denotes a C is required to progress.

LGS110 Foundations in Law 3 Credits
This course introduces the student to the legal profession, including basic legal terminology,
legal ethics, the court systems, legal authorities, legal writing, and professional associations.
Terms Offered: WI, SU

LGS130 Principles of Legal Research 3 Credits
This course is designed to introduce students to the United States court system, legislative
process and the primary sources of law. Students will learn how to use the Bluebook and will
be provided with in-depth instruction on legal citation and the attribution expectations that are
found in the legal profession. This is a hands-on, skills-based course that simulates real world
legal citation tasks.
Terms Offered: SP

LGS135 Legal Research and Writing I 3 Credits
This course is designed to introduce students to the formal aspects of legal research and
writing. Students will learn how to locate answers to legal questions using both primary and
secondary sources. This course gives the students an opportunity to develop critical thinking
and analytical skills by completing research assignments using both print and electronic
resources to answer legal questions. This is a hands-on, skills-based course that simulates
real world legal problem solving.
Prerequisite: LGS130
Terms Offered: SU

LGS140 Civil Litigation I 3 Credits
This course involves the study of civil procedure in the state and federal courts, with a
particular emphasis on state court procedures and the function of the legal professional within
the litigation process. The students learn to apply rules of procedure to fact situations by
drafting pleadings and motions relating to pleadings.
Terms Offered: SU

LGS160 Wills and Probate 3 Credits
This course introduces the student to the basic concepts of wills and estates. Inheritance,
will drafting, and estate administration are explored through the preparation of documents,
including wills, inventories, applications for letters, tax returns, proposed distributions, and a
first and final accounting.
Terms Offered: WI

LGS170 Criminal Procedure 3 Credits
This course explores the constitutional and practical limitations placed on criminal law
enforcement and prosecutors related to arrests, stops, searches, seizures, interrogations,
identification, and punishment. The course also instructs the student in the constitutional
relationship between investigatory methods and the admissibility of evidence in a
criminal trial.
Terms Offered: WI, SP, FL

LGS180 Historical Perspectives of the Constitution 3 Credits
This course provides students with a basic understanding of the constitutional framework
and the history and evolution of the fundamental principles guaranteed to every U.S. citizen.
This course includes the discussion of the articles and amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Emphasis is placed on the structure of the government and the Bill of Rights.
Terms Offered: SP, FL

LGS190 Family Law 3 Credits
This course introduces the student to the various areas of domestic relations law, including
marriage, annulment, divorce, custody, support, and adoption. Emphasis is placed on the
preparation of pleadings and other filings involved in these matters and the procedural rules
that affect such proceedings.
Terms Offered: WI

LGS200 Contracts 3 Credits
The course introduces the student to contract law through a detailed study of the elements
of a legally binding contract, rights and obligations arising from contracts, remedies for
breach, and the termination of contractual agreements. The course also covers Article II of the
Uniform Commercial Code as it concerns sales of goods, passage of title, and warranties in
sales contracts.
Prerequisite: CRI100 or LGS110 or by permission of the chair
Terms Offered: SP, FL

LGS210 Evidence 3 Credits
This course introduces the student to a critical examination of the admissibility, credibility,
and effectiveness of trial evidence. The rules of evidence relating to competence, authenticity,
relevance, and hearsay are explored, along with chain of custody, privilege, the exclusionary
rule, the examination of witnesses, and trial procedures affecting admissibility. Class
discussions and written assignments will require students to use print and/or online legal
resources to analyze and solve legal research problems.
Prerequisite: CRI100 or LGS110 or by permission of the chair
Terms Offered: SP, FL

LGS217 Employment Law 3 Credits
This course instructs the student in the law governing the employer/employee relationship,
including compensation and benefits, discrimination, performance evaluations, workplace
safety, privacy issues such as drug testing and immigration issues.
Terms Offered: SU

LGS220 Torts 3 Credits
This course introduces the students to the principles of tort law, including the legal elements
and practical concerns involved in areas of intentional torts, negligence, strict liability,
calculation of damages and product liability.
Prerequisite: CRI100 or LGS110 or by permission of the chair
Terms Offered: SP, FL

LGS225 Political Assassinations 3 Credits
This course will explore the precedents, purposes, and methods of political assassinations
in the United States. The course will also address the social, political, and historical
consequences of assassination.

LGS230 Civil Litigation II 3 Credits
This course provides students with an overview of the litigation process with an emphasis
on the discovery, trial, and post-trial phases of state and federal civil litigation. Students will
use the resources of a law library and/or online information sources to locate the rules of
procedure, analyze and solve research problems, and draft legal documents. Students will also
explore the use of technology within law firms and the civil litigation practice.
Prerequisite: LGS140
Terms Offered: FL

LGS245 Organized Crime 3 Credits
This course will trace the development of organized crime in the United States from its
European origins. The course will also examine the effect of organized crime on society and
efforts of law enforcement to curtail it.

LGS250 Business Law 3 Credits
The course is designed as a basic introduction to law and the legal system for the non-legal
major. Students will learn about the federal and state court systems and various substantive
areas of law including contracts, business organization, bankruptcy, wills and estates, torts,
and real property. Emphasis is placed on the practical aspects of the law and its relation to
personal and business transactions.

LGS260 Administrative Law 3 Credits
This course involves a series of lectures and problems on the interpretation and use of federal
administrative and statutory material in legal problem-solving. Class discussions and written
assignments will require students to use Westlaw and other internet sources to analyze and
research the powers granted to agencies and controls placed upon the agencies.
Prerequisite: CRI100 or LGS110 or by permission of the chair

LGS265 Criminal Law 3 Credits
This course focuses on principles of criminal liability, including the elements of common
law and statutory crimes, justifications and excuses for crimes, and methods of interpreting
and applying provisions of the Pennsylvania Crimes Code. Class discussions and written
assignments will require students to use print and/or online legal resources to analyze and
solve legal research problems.
Prerequisite: CRI100 or LGS110 or LGS135 or by permission of the chair
Terms Offered: WI, SP

LGS270 Business Organizations 3 Credits
The course includes a survey of the fundamental principles of law applicable to corporations,
partnerships, and other business organizations with regard to formation, operation, and
dissolution. Also included is a segment on government regulation of business organizations,
especially, corporations and the related regulatory agencies of the government.

LGS275 Bankruptcy Law 3 Credits
This course surveys bankruptcy law, including the preparation and filing of bankruptcy
petitions and schedules, creditor rights and obligations, adversarial proceedings, and
discharge. The course emphasizes procedure and practice and the role of the legal
professional in representing both debtors and creditors in bankruptcy proceedings.

LGS280 Legal Research and Writing II 3 Credits
Building on the skills developed in Legal Research & Writing I, students will complete
increasingly complex drills using both print and computerized research. An emphasis is
placed on the development of critical thinking skills and legal analysis. In addition to other
documents, students will learn how to draft a legal memorandum the form and content of
which is expected to be of the quality found in a legal office.
Prerequisite: LGS135
Terms Offered: FL

LGS285 Legal Seminar 3 Credits
This course is a collection of lectures and practical skills-training that prepares legal students
for finding and working at their internship sites. This course will also provide an overview of
legal ethics and legislative history research. Students will work on a term ling research and
writing project that will culminate in a scholarly paper on an approved topic.
Prerequisite: 48 credits earned
Terms Offered: WI, FL

LGS290 Fundamentals of Real Estate Law 3 Credits
This course surveys the concepts and terminology of real estate transactions, including the
mechanics of title searching, conversion of survey descriptions into legal descriptions, and the
preparation of deeds, mortgages, settlement sheets, and disclosure statements. The course
includes instruction on property rights and the means, methods, and laws that govern the
conveyance of these rights.
LGS299 Internship for Paralegals 3 Credits
The internship experience at Central Penn utilizes the vital aspects of education to ensure
success in employment. This hands-on opportunity allows students to apply the knowledge
and skills learned in the classroom to the working environment.
Prerequisites: A minimum of 45 credits completed.

LGS310 Legal Communications 3 Credits
This course involves a comprehensive study of legal writing with an emphasis on skills in
writing legal correspondence, documents, and memoranda. The course is designed to develop
the ability to communicate clearly and effectively with the client, the attorney, and the court.
Prerequisite: LGS130
Terms Offered: WI, SU

LGS340 Advanced Legal Research and Writing 3 Credits
This course provides intensive hands-on instruction in the preparation of complex, researchbased legal documents. Emphasis is placed on formulating research strategies using
multiple resources and the synthesis of case and statutory law to resolve legal issues and
on presenting legal issues, principles, and conclusions in a coherent, clear, and professional
manner.
Prerequisite: LGS280
Terms Offered: WI, SP

LGS370 Alternative Dispute Resolution 3 Credits
The course teaches students basic conflict principles and the various types of dispute
resolution methods that are used in a wide variety of professions and industries to avoid
litigation in court. The course covers the basic principles underlying conflicts, the strengths
and weaknesses of various Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) methods, how ADR
methods operate and interact, and what types of results can realistically be expected
from ADR.
Prerequisite: LGS140 or LGS190 or BUS365 or PSY100 or SOC100 or SOC105 or SOC200 or
IDS330 or POL210
Terms Offered: SP, SU

LGS400 Advanced Criminal Procedure 3 Credits
Students will analyze advanced Constitutional concepts affecting the criminal investigation and
trial process, including interrogation, arrest, and trial procedures. Emphasis will be placed on
recent legislation that affects practical due process concerns in the 21st century.
Prerequisite: LGS170
Terms Offered: WI

LGS410 Advanced Constitutional Law 3 Credits
The course is the forum for in-depth study of selected topics in Constitutional Law. The course
is designed to build on principles learned in the Historical Perspectives of the Constitution.
Topics include the origins of the Constitution, selection of the Supreme Court Justices, issues
of inequality under the law, and privacy interests.
Prerequisite: LGS180
Terms Offered: SP. FL

LGS415 Advanced Alternative Dispute Resolution 3 Credits
This course builds upon the learning and skills developed in LGS370 Alternative Dispute
Resolutions by providing focused and intensive hands-on training in the areas of mediation
and adjudicative dispute resolution. Competing mediation philosophies and techniques are
explored, along with various procedural options for the conduct and outcome of arbitration.
Prerequisite: LGS370
Terms Offered: FL

LGS420 Advanced Criminal Law 3 Credits
This course builds on legal concepts learned in LGS265 Criminal Law and offers students
the chance to engage in the in-depth study of various criminal issues. Topics of study include
terrorism, international law, and corporate criminality.
Prerequisite: LGS265
Terms Offered: SU

LGS425 Widener Law School Jurist Academy 3 Credits
This course provides eligible students with an opportunity to spend two weeks at Widener
University School of Law’s Harrisburg campus participating in an intensive law school
preparatory program.
Prerequisites: A minimum of 60 credits AND approval from full-time Legal Studies faculty
AND acceptance by Widener Law School into the program.
Terms Offered: SP

LGS499 Internship for Legal Studies 3 Credits
The internship experience at Central Penn utilizes the vital aspects of education to ensure
success in employment. This hands-on opportunity allows students to apply the knowledge
and skills learned in the classroom to the working environment.
Prerequisites: A minimum of 90 credits completed.

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